Add database queries to your scripts.
Here's a quick-and-dirty way to incorporate databasesAccess, SQL
Server, Excel spreadsheets, or whateverinto your scripts.
Start by defining an ODBC Data Source Name (DSN) using the Data Sources
console (located under Administrative Tools). You'll give the DSNlet's
say "MyData"and point it to a data source, which can be
nearly anything: an Excel spreadsheet, an Access database, and so forth.
In your script, you'll create an ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) Connection
object, which will open the DSN and attach to the database you've selected:
Set oCN = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
Simple enough so far. Now for some quick terminology: You'll be querying
one or more columns from one or more rows in a table. In Excel-speak,
that's columns, rows, and sheets; Access uses columns, rows, and tables,
as does SQL Server. Let's say you have a table (or Excel sheet) named
MyTable; it contains columns named UserName and UserEmail. You want to
query these two columns for every row in the table (or sheet) and display
that information. You'll use an ADO RecordSet object to do your dirty
Set oRS = oCN.Execute("Select UserName,UserEmail " & _
Do Until oRS.EOF
WScript.Echo oRS("UserName") & " = "
This uses the previously defined Connection object to query your two
columns from the table (or sheet), returning a recordset (also called
a rowset, since it is a set of rows). Then, a Do
Loop construct runs
until the end of the recordset. For each row, you'll see the contents
of the UserName and UserEmail columns; the MoveNext method brings up the
There you have it: Simple database queries from within VBScript. I've
got lots more online in the ScriptVault at www.ScriptingAnswers.com,
if you want to see what else ADO can do.
Don Jones is a multiple-year recipient of Microsoft’s MVP Award, and is Curriculum Director for IT Pro Content for video training company Pluralsight. Don is also a co-founder and President of PowerShell.org, a community dedicated to Microsoft’s Windows PowerShell technology. Don has more than two decades of experience in the IT industry, and specializes in the Microsoft business technology platform. He’s the author of more than 50 technology books, an accomplished IT journalist, and a sought-after speaker and instructor at conferences worldwide. Reach Don on Twitter at @concentratedDon, or on Facebook at Facebook.com/ConcentratedDon.