Tips

Hey VM, What's Your Hypervisor?

Querying a VM's MAC address can help you determine its host hypervisor.

Chris: I have often wondered if there is an easy way to tell what hypervisor type a VM is running on when I remotely connect to a VM. Do you have any suggestions on how to determine this information?
-- Andy

Good question, Andy. The easiest way that I have found to profile a VM thus far is by querying its virtual MAC address. You can do this by running ipconfig /all when connected to any Windows VM.

While it's true that anyone could assign an arbitrary MAC address to any VM, most users and administrators create VMs using the default assigned addresses. Assuming that a VM is using an assigned MAC address that was set at the time the VM was created, the MAC address will be in the hypervisor vendor's assigned organizationally unique identifier (OUI) range as set by the IEEE. An OUI is a unique MAC address prefix that is assigned to all NIC vendors and you can view each vendor’s OUI assignment at the IEEE Registration Authority -- IEEE OUI and Company_id Assignments site.

To save you the step of looking up the vendor OUI prefixes, here are the OUIs of the most popular virtualization platforms:

  • Microsoft: 00-03-FF
  • SWsoft: 00-18-51
  • Virtual Iron: 00-0F-4B
  • VMware: 00-0C-29 and 00-50-56
  • XenSource: 00-16-3E

So once you connect to a remote system, you just need to open the command prompt and run ipconfig /all. You'll then see the configuration information for each of the system's NICs, along with their physical (MAC) address. For example, when I ran ipconfig /all on a test VM, the command returned a physical address value of 00-0C-29-86-F1-BC. The 00-0C-29 prefix tells me that the system is a VMware VM. If the physical address started as 00-03-FF, I would know that the system was either a Microsoft Virtual Server or Virtual PC VM.

Of course, the crafty administrator could use custom MAC addresses to hide a VM's hypervisor identity. So using a MAC address to determine if a system is a VM and the type of virtualization platform that hosts it should not be considered 100 percent accurate. However, it's still the most reliable method that I know of for profiling a system to determine if it is virtual and also the type of VM that it is.

I hope that helps.

About the Author

Chris Wolf is a Microsoft MVP for Windows --Virtual Machine and is a MCSE, MCT, and CCNA. He's a Senior Analyst for Burton Group who specializes in the areas of virtualization solutions, high availability, storage and enterprise management. Chris is the author of Virtualization: From the Desktop to the Enterprise (Apress), Troubleshooting Microsoft Technologies (Addison Wesley), and a contributor to the Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (Microsoft Press).learningstore-20/">Troubleshooting Microsoft Technologies (Addison Wesley) and a contributor to the Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (Microsoft Press).

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