PowerShell How-To

Using PowerShell To Copy Active Directory Users

It's not always the best idea to create Active Directory users from scratch. Chances are, your company has a standard "template" of attributes that are set for every domain user. If so, why are you still creating each one by hand? Let's speed up this process by creating copies of existing users with PowerShell!

First of all, I'm going to assume you already have a template user set up. This is a user account that has all of the common attributes that you'd typically define. Once you have that user created, you'll then be able to make copies of that user account to create others.

I'm also assuming you're going to be running this PowerShell code on a domain-joined computer and logged in with rights to create new users. If so, you're going to need the ActiveDirectory PowerShell module. This module is available as part of the Remote Server Administration Tools software package.

Discovery Work
Once you've got the ActiveDirectory module downloaded and installed, you can then use the Get-AdUser cmdlet to inspect all of the attributes you've defined on your template user. For this article, I've created a user called ctemplate for "Company Template." We can use the Properties parameter specifying an asterisk to find all of the properties.

Get-ADUser ctemplate -Properties *

Once you've seen all of the attributes defined on the template user, you can then assign that user account to a variable. This gives us a way to pass this user account object when creating the new user.

$user = Get-ADUser ctemplate -Properties *

Creating the New User
Once the user account has been captured into a variable, we can then use the New-AdUser cmdlet, passing it the $user variable to the Instance parameter and then defining any attributes that are specific to this individual account. Because you probably have not assigned the name to the template user since everyone's name is different, you can fill in any specific attributes here. Below, I'm setting all of the attributes from my template user but making the name Adam Bertram.

New-ADUser -Name 'Adam Bertram' -Instance $user

Your new user should be created now! However, not all attributes transfer over. We can compare which attributes were copied over or not by retrieving the template user and the new user along with all of the attributes using the Properties parameter.

$templateUser = Get-ADUser ctemplate -Properties *
$newUser = Get-ADUser 'Adam Bertram' -Properties *

Once we've got both objects assigned to variables, we can then read each object's properties and compare them to each other. Below is one way to do that. This will show you every property on the new user that doesn't match the template user. From this information, you can then build a list of to-dos if you'd like to add more functionality to this script.

foreach ($property in $newUser.PSObject.Properties) {
    $matchingTemplateUserProperty = $templateUser.PSObject.Properties | Where-Object { $_.Name -eq $property.Name }
    if ($matchingTemplateUserProperty.Value -ne $property.Value) {
        Write-Host "The [$($property.Name) attribute is different]"
    }
}

Creating Active Directory users is a common task. If you're still creating users manually, you're wasting a lot of time. Create them using PowerShell either by copying existing accounts here or even creating them from scratch with the New-Aduser cmdlet. You'll not only save a ton of time, but also ensure human error doesn't come into the mix!

About the Author

Adam Bertram is a 20-year veteran of IT. He's an automation engineer, blogger, consultant, freelance writer, Pluralsight course author and content marketing advisor to multiple technology companies. Adam also founded the popular TechSnips e-learning platform. He mainly focuses on DevOps, system management and automation technologies, as well as various cloud platforms mostly in the Microsoft space. He is a Microsoft Cloud and Datacenter Management MVP who absorbs knowledge from the IT field and explains it in an easy-to-understand fashion. Catch up on Adam's articles at adamtheautomator.com, connect on LinkedIn or follow him on Twitter at @adbertram or the TechSnips Twitter account @techsnips_io.


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